First Settlers in America and Colombia

First Settlers in America and Colombia 

America was discovered long before Christopher Columbus - by Ice Age travellers. The polar icecaps had frozen so much water that sea levels were lower, and Beringia, or what is now the Bering Strait, separating Asia from America, was a plain on which large animals grazed. The humans who hunted those animals or gathered fruit and molluscs crossed over to our continent without realising it. Here they found vast expanses of territory, with rich and varied natural environments that provided them with sustenance. For thousands of years they had no need to cultivate the land, as they could live of what nature offered them, roaming around their territory to get to hunting grounds or gathering from plants during the seasons when these were productive.

In Colombia, traces have been found of these early settlers dating back 16,000 years. Remains recorded by archaeologists indicate that 5,000 years ago, many groups decided to settle, and to put into practice their extensive knowledge of their surroundings to cultivate the land. Settlements grew, and as time passed, they appointed leaders and chieftains to arrange and order their political and ritual lives. It was a mere 2,500 years ago that these leaders began to use goldwork as a symbol of their power.


Man’s first marks on the continent

America at the end of the Ice Age

Stones tell their own story

Colombia: Gateway to South America

A splendid dinner 8,000 years ago