Human figure Pottery c.a. A.D. 500 Valencia, Córdoba 29 x 17,5 cm

Urabá and Chocó: People and Gold between Two Seas

There are countless transport and trade routes in the Urabá region. Thousands of years ago, this was the gateway through which hunters and gatherers first entered South America. In the early years of the Christian era, the inhabitants of northern Colombia and lower Central America were in contact with each other, evidence of this being seen in their respective goldwork, such as spiral breastplates.

The goldsmiths of Urabá made ornaments that portrayed female figures, poporos and poporo necks shaped like reeds and marrows, which recall the goldwork of the mid-Cauca region. Those on the Pacific side in Chocó, meanwhile, where there were rich alluvial deposits of gold, made schematic figures with sticks, feather ornaments and masks, which represented shamans with their ritual attire.

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Urabá, Chocó and the Gold Museum Exhibition